“The production; supply and use of energy are major contributors to climate change; especially when examining non-clean energy sources and efficiency of use,” Eng. Margaret Kanini from Kenya Power said. As such, all stakeholders should work toward a climate-resilient future. Kenya Power is progressively moving toward modern and cleaner energies by purchasing hydro and geothermal energy, which are renewable. For the supply security, Kenya Power continues to include a small portion of thermal energy.
At COP 23, the United Nations climate change talks held in November 2017, Kenya recognized the need to identify a path toward a climate resilient future using the combined efforts of the Ministry of Energy and Petroleum, the Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources and other stakeholders.
Of the on-going Kenya Power projects, one seeks to use and expand clean energy only going forward by increasing the geothermal sector. Kenya Power is signing Power Purchase Agreements PPA to source for clean energy.
In 2013, Kenya began the 5,000 MW grid. As of 2017, there were 2,300 MW of effective installed capacity, most of which is renewable energy. As Kenya moves toward the 5,000 MW target, there needs to be a diverse energy source mix to maintain affordability of the energy supply while working toward achieving the UN Sustainability Development Goal No. 7 which addresses affordable and clean energy sources.
Kenya has Energy Management Regulations in place that address energy efficiency, solar water heating and other renewable energy technologies. However, there is a gap in enforcement by the Energy Regulatory Commission ERC that needs to be enhanced to ensure energy users adhere to the Energy Management Regulations.
The industry has observed the manner of regulation implementation and identified a gap in the inclusion of women and women participation in the energy efficiency space. Under the regulations, Kenya licenses energy auditors who provide services to the industry. There are less than 1% licensed women licensed as energy auditors who can take on solar water heating and energy efficiency projects. This is a call to action for women to learn more about licensed energy auditing.